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Understanding Steering and Suspension Problems in Your Vehicle

December 15, 2023

Understanding Steering and Suspension Problems in Your Vehicle

Your vehicle's ability to smoothly navigate the roads is thanks in large part to its steering and suspension systems. These essential components not only provide you with a comfortable ride but also play a crucial role in your safety. However, like all parts of your car, they can encounter issues over time.

Whether you're a dedicated automotive enthusiast or simply seek a trouble-free daily commute, it is vital to understand the core functions of your vehicle's steering and suspension systems, explore common issues that may arise, and discover effective solutions.

The Steering System: Guiding Your Way

Let's begin by exploring your vehicle's steering system, which is responsible for turning the front wheels in response to your input through the steering wheel. There are two main types of steering systems: rack and pinion and recirculating ball. Most modern vehicles use the rack and pinion system for its efficiency and precision.

Rack and Pinion System

In this setup, a gearset (the rack) meshes with a small gear (the pinion) connected to the steering wheel. When you turn the wheel, it rotates the pinion, causing the rack to move left or right. This movement is then transmitted to the front wheels, allowing your car to turn.

Recirculating Ball System

Although less common in today's cars, some older vehicles and trucks still employ recirculating ball steering. This system uses a series of recirculating ball bearings to transfer the rotational motion of the steering wheel to the front wheels.

Signs of Steering System Issues

Now that we understand how the steering system works, let's explore some common signs that indicate a problem with this crucial component:

Difficulty Turning

If turning the steering wheel requires more effort than usual, it could be a sign of power steering problems. A failing power steering pump, fluid leak, or belt issue may be the culprit.

Steering Wheel Vibration

If you notice a vibration in the steering wheel, it could indicate misaligned wheels or problems with suspension components.

Jerky Steering

If your car's steering feels jerky or inconsistent, it might be due to issues with the steering gear or linkage.

Steering Wheel Doesn't Return to Center

After making a turn, your steering wheel should naturally return to its center position. If it doesn't, it could signal problems with the steering gear or alignment.

The Suspension System: Smooth Ride, Enhanced Safety

While the steering system dictates the direction of your vehicle, the suspension system is responsible for ensuring a comfortable and stable ride. It comprises several components, including springs, shock absorbers (or struts), control arms, and more. Here's how these parts work together:


Springs, typically coil or leaf-shaped, support the vehicle's weight and absorb road shocks. They provide flexibility and allow your car to maintain contact with the road surface.

Shock Absorbers (Struts)

Shock absorbers, also known as struts in some vehicles, control the motion of the springs, preventing excessive bouncing and ensuring a smooth ride. They also play a crucial role in maintaining tire contact with the road.

Control Arms

Control arms connect the vehicle's frame to the wheels, allowing for up-and-down wheel movement while maintaining proper alignment. They are essential for steering stability.


Suspension bushings are cushions that reduce friction and vibration between moving parts, enhancing ride comfort.

Common Suspension Problems

Suspension issues can manifest in various ways, affecting both ride quality and safety. Here are some common signs that your vehicle's suspension may require attention:

Bumpy or Uncomfortable Ride

If your car feels excessively bouncy or uncomfortable on rough roads, it could indicate worn-out shocks or struts.

Noise When Driving Over Bumps

Unusual noises, such as clunking or rattling, when driving over bumps or rough terrain may suggest a suspension problem.

Uneven Tire Wear

Uneven tire wear can indicate suspension issues, indicating misaligned wheels or worn-out components.

Steering Problems

Suspension problems can affect steering responsiveness, leading to difficulty controlling your vehicle.

Vehicle Sagging

If one corner of your vehicle appears lower than the others, it may indicate a sagging suspension component.

Addressing Steering and Suspension Issues

If you experience any of the signs mentioned above, it's essential to address them promptly to ensure your safety and prolong the life of your vehicle. Regular maintenance, including wheel alignments, suspension inspections, and timely replacement of worn-out components, can help prevent these issues.

At Aposhian Garage, our expert technicians have the knowledge and experience to diagnose and repair steering and suspension problems effectively. We recommend having your vehicle's steering and suspension system inspected regularly as part of routine maintenance. This proactive approach can catch potential issues early, saving you time and money in the long run.

Smooth and Safe Travels

Your car's steering and suspension systems are more than just comfort features; they are critical to your safety and the overall performance of your vehicle. By understanding how these systems work and recognizing the signs of potential problems, you can ensure a smoother, safer, and more enjoyable driving experience. Regular maintenance and timely repairs are key to keeping your car in top shape, and the expert team at Aposhian Garage is here to assist you every step of the way.

When using Aposhian Garage, you have not only had your Subaru properly maintained, but you have also found your Subaru repair “home.”
We look forward to getting to know you and your vehicle!

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